Tuesday, November 11, 2014

Providing chicks with pasture in November (and getting them out of my garage!)

Just in case you were wondering, it's not a good idea to raise 17 Jumbo X Cornish Cross chickens in your garage.  I raised 9 chicks of traditional breeds in my garage, and their manure and mess was not a problem.  Although I read all the information I could find about raising Jumbo X Cornish Cross chickens, which are similar to the breed of chicken people usually eat from the grocery store or from most farms, I did not truly realize how quickly they would grow.  They eat voraciously, and what goes in, must come out.
Here they are inside the garage in the "brooder" made of baby gates and hay on the floor

Because it's November, and too cold for the chicks to stay outdoors unprotected, I tried a couple of methods of letting them have some time outdoors, but discovered that they could not stay outdoors long without heat,  or else they required constant supervision to ensure their safety from hawks.

Outside in the hoop house where they belong

My husband and I built these hoop houses, some from bent cattle panels, and some from PVC pipe, covered them with plastic, and now I have a solar-heated chicken brooder that protects them from hawks.  This structure will not protect them from four-legged predators, and it won't keep them warm at night.  However, depending on the weather, I can take them outside when the sun strikes the structure in the morning, and I bring them back inside the garage in the late afternoon.

I am able to do this because I am at home during the day and I can monitor the temperature under the plastic.  Usually, I start out the day with the plastic completely closed, then in an hour or two open the ends, and, depending on how hot the day becomes, pull aside some of the plastic on the roof.  The first time I tried this, I went out to check on them an hour after I put them in, and they were panting from the heat.  I opened the plastic, and they were fine. Another day, a strong wind blew aside the plastic and I had to catch some of the chicks.  Now that I understand how it works, I leave them for a few hours, but please do not leave your chickens in this structure all day without checking on them.  

Edited at 12:09 PM: I just got back inside from checking on them, and it's quite warm here--75 degrees or so today.  Even with some of the plastic pulled back, they were still panting, so I made some further modifications with some plastic chicken fencing to allow them more air, and laid some tin roofing along the sides for shade.  My "normal chickens do fine in the heat of a South Carolina August day, but I was concerned that these might not be able to withstand even a little discomfort.

It's also not at all secure against four-legged predators or safe to keep them in during the night.  I have them inside a fenced garden, which is inside an electric fence, so they are safe (but I'll never say they are completely safe) during the day.  Mr. Raccoon could easily climb the fence and get them at night, though, but he's not usually active during the day.  

I take them back and forth into the garage in a plastic tote.  They hate this.

Catching them is becoming more and more difficult, and they dislike the experience, but I believe I make up for the 5-10 minutes of anxiety while I catch them by allowing them the fun and nutrition available in the hoop house.  And, that's a whole day that they are doing their business outside, where it belongs, and enriching my garden soil in the process.  I have discovered that if I take the food away for a couple of hours before it's time to catch them the little beggars are so ravenously hungry that they rush to the feeder and I can catch them without chasing them.  These birds don't eat with one eye watching for predators like my other chickens.  I've never been able to sneak up on a "normal" chicken.

In the future, I'll get these chicks in late August, perhaps, so they will have warm weather while they are babies and can mature in the cooler weather of October, when they have feathers for warmth, can stay outside all the time,  and will be large enough to deter most hawk attacks.

Monday, November 3, 2014

My experiment with meat chickens

I've purchased meat from pastured poultry producers for awhile now, although I do revert to eating meat from the grocery store, too.  In an ideal world, I'd either raise all of my own meat, or I'd buy it all from farmers I know personally.  Actually, in an ideal world, I'd probably eat less meat than I do, but I have to consider the dietary preferences of my husband, too.  In an effort to have a more sustainable source of food, and because I find raising chickens endlessly interesting, I ordered 20 Jumbo X Cornish Cross chicks from a hatchery.  Whenever you eat chicken meat, unless you have purchased it from a farmer who focuses on heritage breeds, you eat a chicken closely related to the Jumbo X Cornish Cross.  It lives 6-8 weeks before slaughter, usually entirely indoors.

They were hatched last Monday, October 20, and put on a plane in Iowa.  On Tuesday, October 21, the post office called to tell me my chicks were there, and I hurried to bring them home.
Here's a video of me opening the box of chicks, and Mr. Schultz, dachshund, meeting them.

I have raised other chicks; this is a video of my adult chickens, and I am pleased that the Cornish Cross chicks do seem to engage in natural chicken behaviors.  They scratch and try to forage for food, such that they can in the brooder or inside this unused cold frame that I put out on the garden.  Here's a video of them in the cold frame.  Unfortunately, it's nearly November, and they are babies without feathers adult birds use to trap heat.  The air needs to be 90 degrees F for them to be healthy in during their second week of life.  I put them outside during the hottest part of the day, in direct sunlight, and I include a heat lamp if necessary.  Earlier in the week the high temperature was around 85 degrees F, which was perfect, but it's gotten cooler now.  Before I take them to the butcher, in early December (because I'm not able to manage doing the butchering myself yet), when they have all their feathers,I hope to allow them to forage more outside.

Friday, October 17, 2014

Welcome to the world, new butterflies!

Butterflies have chosen my garden in which to hatch this summer.  We had at least two batches of Black Swallowtail butterflies like these that chose fennel plants as food.
Black Swallowtail Butterfly caterpillars on fennel

Black Swallowtail Butterfly adult

On the Butterfly Weed, Monarch butterflies laid eggs.  After munching away on the plant for a couple of weeks, the caterpillars climbed to several different spots: on the fence, pictured below, on branches of bushes, and even on the electrified chicken fence, to form chrysalises.  The one below had hung on the fence for a couple of weeks, and waited there until it was time to leave the chrysalis. This simple creature knows the appointed time for its emergence, and it will not rush. 

Monarch Butterfly caterpillar the day before it emerged as an adult

24 hours later

The chrysales in the above two pictures are of the same butterfly; I had to put a piece of paper behind the second one so the camera would focus on the detail of the wings and not the house.  (I used my phone).

Brand-new butterfly
The butterfly above is from the same batch of caterpillars, but it's not the same one pictured above in the chrysalis.  Although I visited the butterfly pictured in the chrysalis every 15 minutes to half an hour, it didn't decide to emerge until we had to leave the house for a couple of hours in midafternoon, so I got no pictures of it emerging.

The same butterfly above from a different angle has more fully emerged

Another new butterfly; note the wrinkled wings

We didn't notice this one, in a antique rose bush I rooted from one at my grandmother's home, until we saw the orange wings.

We found the one from the chrysalis photos resting in the pine straw when we came home from our errands.